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Dead-End LivesDrugs and Violence in the City Shadows$
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Daniel Briggs and Rubén Monge Gamero

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781447341680

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447341680.001.0001

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Drugs, cultural change and drug markets

Drugs, cultural change and drug markets

Chapter:
(p.75) 4 Drugs, cultural change and drug markets
Source:
Dead-End Lives
Author(s):

Daniel Briggs

Rubén Monge Gamero

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447341680.003.0004

The normalisation of drug use which came in the wake of the transition from the Franco dictatorship to democracy, was exacerbated by a collective ideological feeling of “freedom” and loose attitudes to drug consumption. However, as the drug markets expanded, principally across urban areas which had started to disintegrate as a consequence of deindustrialisation, addiction and HIV soared. The AIDS epidemic which thereafter followed in the 1980s was eventually curbed with the delayed introduction of drug awareness campaigns and harm reduction initiatives. Even these, however, couldn’t stop the increasing punitive approaches to dealing with high levels of urban crime. Police powers were expanded, the penal code was amended and the prisons started to fill with drug-dependent offenders. This chapter charts these shifts and provides the further foundation to the findings of the study which follow in Chapter 5.

Keywords:   Drugs, normalisation, cultural change, drug markets, prison

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