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The Future for Health Promotion$
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Colin Palfrey

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447341239

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447341239.001.0001

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The origins of health promotion

The origins of health promotion

(p.25) Two The origins of health promotion
The Future for Health Promotion

Colin Palfrey

Policy Press

This chapter examines the origins of health promotion in the UK. It begins with a discussion of diseases in Britain before and during the nineteenth century that made public health a major concern of governments, followed by an analysis of the role of William Farr in establishing a system that recorded the cause of death, along with three important pieces of legislation: Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Public Health Act 1848, and Public Health Act 1875. The chapter then considers disease monitoring and surveillance before describing Charles Booth's work on poverty in the late nineteenth century, Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree's poverty surveys, and the consequences of the Boer Wars for public health. Finally, it explores key legislation in the twentieth century prior to the establishment of the NHS, the emergence of a new public health, and the impact of health promotion on the social determinants of health.

Keywords:   health promotion, diseases, public health, Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Public Health Act 1848, Public Health Act 1875, poverty, new public health

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