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Reimagining Global Abortion PoliticsA Social Justice Perspective$
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Fiona Bloomer, Claire Pierson, and Sylvia Estrada Claudio

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447340430

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447340430.001.0001

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Abortion discourses: religion, culture, nation

Abortion discourses: religion, culture, nation

(p.51) Four Abortion discourses: religion, culture, nation
Reimagining Global Abortion Politics

Fiona Bloomer

Claire Pierson

Sylvia Estrada Claudio

Policy Press

This chapter explores the interplay of culture, nationalism and religion and their interaction with legality and access to abortion in particular contexts. Starting from the position that institutions do not operate in a vacuum but are influenced by values and norms which makes them part of the cultural fabric of a society, the chapter explores gendered notions of nationalism and culture. The role of faith based organisations in shaping international policy illustrates how religious norms shape conservatism and alternately how liberal organisations challenge such norms. A consideration of transitional societies allows for an analysis of how abortion is positioned in a framework whereby cultural, national and religious norms typically influence conservative discourses. In such settings gender rights becomes subservient to national and cultural identity or alternately may become core to legal reform. Two case studies, Northern Ireland and South Africa, illustrate how abortion discourses are shaped in transitioning societies.

Keywords:   culture, religion, faith based organisations, moral conservatism, abortion stigma, transitional societies, Northern Ireland, South Africa, nationalism

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