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American TianxiaChinese Money, American Power and the End of History$
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Salvatore Babones

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781447336808

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447336808.001.0001

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One belt, one road to nowhere

One belt, one road to nowhere

(p.37) 3 One belt, one road to nowhere
American Tianxia

Salvatore Babones

Policy Press

China faces many hostile neighbours; relations with Japan are particularly fraught. China has thus sought friends farther afield, abandoning the Deng-Hu "keeping a low profile" (KLP) strategy for Xi Jinpeng's expansive "striving for achievement" (SFA) strategy. The centerpiece of SFA is the One Belt, One Road (1B1R) initiative. China's Silk Road Economic Belt is often said to have sparked a new "Great Game" for influence in Central Asia, but Central Asian economies are much too small to have any substantive impact on Eurasian geopolitics. China's 21st Century Maritime Silk Road to Southeast Asia and beyond has been influential only in Africa, where it has little impact on global power structures. Like the fifteenth century voyages of Zheng He, the ultimate purpose of 1B1R may be to legitimate the Chinese government's rule at home. Even in this it is failing, as elite Chinese seek citizenships abroad. Birth tourism to the United States has emerged as their most important family exit strategy.

Keywords:   China-Japan relations, Keeping a low profile (KLP), Striving for achievement (SFA), Xi Jinpeng, One Belt, One Road, Eurasian geopolitics, Zheng He, China-Africa relations, Birth tourism

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