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Why Who Cleans CountsWhat Housework Tells Us about American Family Life$
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Shannon Davis and Theodore Greenstein

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781447336747

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447336747.001.0001

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Housework and socialization

Housework and socialization

(p.99) 9 Housework and socialization
Why Who Cleans Counts

Shannon N. Davis

Theodore N. Greenstein

Policy Press

Power dynamics in one’s family of origin shape internalized notions of normative family relationships. Therefore, the division of housework in one’s family of origin socializes children to hold specific attitudes and beliefs about how relationships should work. We examine this hypothesized empirical relationship in Chapter 9 of the book by using Latent Profile Analysis to identify profiles for the adult children of the NSFH couples used to construct the five housework classes (Ultra-traditional, Traditional, Transitional Husbands, Egalitarian, and Egalitarian High Workload). We found three classes for adult female children (Ultra-traditional, Traditional, and Nontraditional) and three classes for adult male children (Traditional, Transitional, and Nontraditional). Children responded to their parental division of labor in gendered ways, providing evidence for not only the parental socialization of housework behaviors but also the challenges faced by women and men in the changing cultural climate of the United States around gender and family responsibilities.

Keywords:   Socialization, Changing gender norms, Gendered division of labor

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