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A Handbook of Food CrimeImmoral and Illegal Practices in the Food Industry and What to Do About Them$
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Allison Gray and Ronald Hinch

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447336013

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447336013.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 01 April 2020

Food crimes, harms and carnist technologies

Food crimes, harms and carnist technologies

Chapter:
(p.295) 18 Food crimes, harms and carnist technologies
Source:
A Handbook of Food Crime
Author(s):

Linnea Laestadius

Jan Deckers

Stephanie Baran

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447336013.003.0019

This chapter explores some of the ways in which technologies designed to meet human demand for animal based foods, which this chapter terms carnist technologies, facilitate or remedy food crimes and harms. First-generation carnist technologies designed to achieve increased efficiency in animal rearing, as well as second-generation technologies for ‘happy meat’, cellular agriculture, and plant-based analogues of animal products as are all considered. The latter two technologies hold promise for reducing some of the key harms tied to demand for animal products, but leave other harms unaddressed. None of the technologies are found to fully challenge carnism, and may also perpetuate or even compound more systemic food crimes given the extent to which developers and promoters have embraced neoliberal principles. The benefits of these technologies should be recognised, but advocates must acknowledge the limitations of a techno-fix approach to what is ultimately a social problem requiring more significant reforms.

Keywords:   carnism, cellular agriculture, technological fix, meat substitutes, food systems

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