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A Handbook of Food CrimeImmoral and Illegal Practices in the Food Industry and What to Do About Them$
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Allison Gray and Ronald Hinch

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447336013

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447336013.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

Ethical challenges facing farm managers

Ethical challenges facing farm managers

(p.61) 4 Ethical challenges facing farm managers
A Handbook of Food Crime

Harvey S. James Jr

Policy Press

Although an extensive literature examines how moral character and environmental context relates to ethical awareness, judgment and behaviour, very little work focuses on the ethics of farmers. Understanding farmer ethics is important because farmers face unique pressures and constraints that affect their ethical judgments and behaviours. Research shows that there are different types of ethical problems that farmers have to deal with, such as actions that cause harm or potential harm to others, the environment and non-human animals, and actions that are defined as wrong by law, contract or agreement. Important pressures and constraints affecting farmer ethics include increasing production costs and land prices, rising debt and worsening financial health, more stringent government rules and regulations, and reduced options for producing and marketing agricultural products.

Keywords:   farmer ethics, farmer decision-making, bad apples, environmental harm, animal welfare

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