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Capability-Promoting PoliciesEnhancing Individual and Social Development$
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Hans-Uwe Otto, Melanie Walker, and Holger Ziegler

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781447334316

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447334316.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

What political liberalism and the welfare state left behind: chance and gratitude

What political liberalism and the welfare state left behind: chance and gratitude

Chapter:
(p.23) Two What political liberalism and the welfare state left behind: chance and gratitude
Source:
Capability-Promoting Policies
Author(s):

Reiko Gotoh

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447334316.003.0002

This chapter examines what has been left behind by political liberalism and the welfare state by connecting John Rawls' theory of justice with Amartya Sen's capability approach. It considers how Japan adopted a pacifist constitution after World War II and developed a system to secure basic wellbeing for all. That system, underpinned by individual rights, has sparked arguments regarding the relation between rights and public welfare, freedom and democracy. The constitutional idea of Japan's social security and welfare system embodies the concept of ‘liberal equality’, but also steps in the realm of ‘democratic equality’. The chapter also discusses the ideas of tolerance and non-discrimination in political liberalism as well as the concept of social cooperation. Finally, it reviews the core assumptions of Rawls' theory of justice, ‘justice as reciprocity’ and ‘justice as fairness’, and introduces two ways of restructuring the theory.

Keywords:   political liberalism, welfare state, John Rawls, theory of justice, Amartya Sen, capability approach, social security, democratic equality, reciprocity, fairness

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