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Social Movements and Referendums from Below – Direct Democracy in the Neoliberal Crisis - Policy Press Scholarship Online
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Social Movements and Referendums from Below: Direct Democracy in the Neoliberal Crisis

Donatella Della Porta, Francis O'Connor, Martin Portos, and Anna Subirats Ribas


In recent years, social movements on the left have increasingly begun to make themselves felt in referendums. This has been seen throughout Europe: in votes regarding independence in Scotland and Catalonia, on water rights in Italy, on debt repayment in Iceland, and on the financial proposals of the troika in Greece. This book presents case studies of referendums from below and more to analyse the ways that social movements formed in the wake of the 2008 crash have affected referendums' development and outcomes. Looking at general issues of democracy, as well as the political effects of neolib ... More

Keywords: social movements, referendums, Europe, independence, democracy, neoliberalism, Brexit, democratic innovation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9781447333418
Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2018 DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447333418.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Donatella Della Porta, author
Scuola Normale Superiore

Francis O'Connor, author
Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Martin Portos, author
European University Institute