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Development In AfricaRefocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals$
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Hany Besada and Timothy M. Shaw

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447328537

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.001.0001

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Employment creation for youth in Africa: the role of extractive industries

Employment creation for youth in Africa: the role of extractive industries

(p.169) Six Employment creation for youth in Africa: the role of extractive industries
Development In Africa

Bernadette Dia Kamgnia

Victor Murinde

Policy Press

The youth in Africa, as elsewhere, have aspirations to become active citizens and contribute to the development of the continent. Unfortunately, the African youth are among the 75 million of 15 to 24-year-olds globally that the ILO indicates are looking for a job, and not to be excluded from the 262 million of young people that the World Bank surveys describe as economically inactive in emerging economies. Young people face several challenges when entering the labour market, particularly in developing economies. Not only do they need to find a job, and preferably one that corresponds to their level of qualifications, but also they want to develop a foundation for a lasting, stable employment relationship that helps them to progress in life. Africa’s youths are firmly entrenched in the group. This chapter analyses the role of extractive industries in job creation for the youth in Africa. The structure of youth unemployment is first presented, followed by an analysis of the human resources contradictions in extractive industries. Strategies to unleash job opportunities in extractive industries are finally appreciated. What should be the nature of industrial and other policies that can generate job-based growth?

Keywords:   jobs, youth unemployment, Africa, industrial policies, extractive industries

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