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Work and Health in India$
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Martin Hyde, Holendro Singh Chungkham, and Laishram Ladusingh

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781447327363

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447327363.001.0001

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Employment trends in India: Some issues for investigation

Employment trends in India: Some issues for investigation

(p.67) Four Employment trends in India: Some issues for investigation
Work and Health in India

A.V. Jose

Policy Press

This chapter examines the direction and magnitude of changes in key domains such as the labour force, employment, and productivity in India in relation to some historical antecedents of Western industrial economies. The findings suggest that India is at the early stages of a qualitative transformation leading to improvement in worker participation rates along with structural changes in the distribution of workforce into sectors, status groups, gender divisions, and skill categories. There have also been some impressive gains in managing the labour market from the supply side by way of improving the age-structure and skill content of the workforce. However, the post-war construct of employment and industrial relations adapted from Western economies, based on which the transformation of labour market was planned and nurtured in Indian context, is literally falling apart under the onslaught of globalisation.

Keywords:   labour force, employment, productivity, India, industrial economies, worker participation, labour market, industrial relations, Western economies, globalisation

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