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Tactical Rape in War and ConflictInternational Recognition and Response$
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Brenda Fitzpatrick

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326694

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326694.001.0001

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Tactical rape and genocide in Rwanda

Tactical rape and genocide in Rwanda

(p.131) Six Tactical rape and genocide in Rwanda
Tactical Rape in War and Conflict

Brenda Fitzpatrick

Policy Press

This chapter reviews the key case linking tactical rape and genocide in the Rwandan conflict and the importance of this ruling. Command responsibility is noted as a sign of progress as are the definitions of rape and coercion. It analyses the preparation for and nature of the conflict, including the constructed vulnerability of Tutsi women. The operation of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is analysed and assessed finding serious reservations about investigations and the impact of adversarial proceedings on survivors and victims of tactical rape and sexual violence. Primary sources such as UN reports and court records are considered to demonstrate the changing attitude to tactical rape. Testimonies are reviewed to demonstrate the suffering of survivors and victims.

Keywords:   rwanda, international criminal tribunal for rwanda, tactical rape, genocide, command responsibility, coercion and rape, constructed vulnerability, courts, testimonies

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