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Education Systems and InequalitiesInternational Comparisons$
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Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326106

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.001.0001

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Health returns on education and educational systems

Health returns on education and educational systems

(p.301) Fourteen Health returns on education and educational systems
Education Systems and Inequalities

Johann Carstensen

Monika Jungbauer-Gans

Policy Press

Empirical evidence shows that a correlation exists between several dimensions of social inequality and health. The central dimension of social inequality that influences most life chances is education. We therefore discuss theories of the social mechanisms that are responsible for the health-determining effect of education. These approaches deal with human capital and health literacy, personality traits that interfere with education and health simultaneously, and aspects of the school context such as classroom composition and teacher behaviour. In the concluding section we ask which conditions of the macro-context of educational systems and their characteristics differences in educational achievement will result in higher inequalities of health. As this question has not so far been analysed empirically, we call for more research in this area.

Keywords:   health, education, school context, human capital, health literacy

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