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Education Systems and InequalitiesInternational Comparisons$
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Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326106

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.001.0001

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Education systems and gender inequalities in educational returns

Education systems and gender inequalities in educational returns

(p.259) Twelve Education systems and gender inequalities in educational returns
Education Systems and Inequalities

Concetta Mendolicchio

Policy Press

Human capital accumulation has been identified in the economic literature, as one of the most relevant engines of economic growth. Changes in the skills premium affect income distribution and inequality in a country. This chapter concentrates on studying differences in outcomes in the labour market, in particular in terms of the level and dispersion of private returns on education by gender and related inequalities in earnings. A prime focus of the chapter is to introduce the definition and computation of the rate of return on education. After an overview, we analyse and compare wage profiles and returns on education inequalities across countries and across gender. We present estimates based on a microeconomic dataset for 12 countries with different institutions and education systems. Finally, the rules and impacts of several public policies on gender specific returns on education inequality is considered.

Keywords:   private returns, human capital, gender inequalities, public policies, returns on education

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