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Education Systems and InequalitiesInternational Comparisons$
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Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326106

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.001.0001

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Education systems and gender inequalities in educational attainment

Education systems and gender inequalities in educational attainment

(p.159) Eight Education systems and gender inequalities in educational attainment
Education Systems and Inequalities

Andreas Hadjar

Claudia Buchmann

Policy Press

Gender inequalities in education changed profoundly in the course of contemporary educational expansion. While public and scientific discourses have long focused on the disadvantages of girls and women in education, in recent decades the ‘failing boys’ debate and, thus the disadvantaged situation of boys and men, has become an issue of concern. This chapter discusses patterns of gender inequalities related to education in industrialised societies, including gender gaps in competencies, inequalities in secondary education, and gender segregation in fields of study within higher education. Starting from a general theoretical model of gender inequalities, it considers various theoretical explanations for the different types of gender inequalities in education, as well as reasons for changes in these inequalities over time. After providing an overview of empirical findings, the chapter concludes with a multilevel analysis investigating the way variations in educational systems and societal level characteristics impact gender inequalities.

Keywords:   gender, inequality, education systems, educational expansion, gender gaps

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