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Policy Analysis in France$
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Charlotte Halpern, Patrick Hassenteufel, and Philippe Zittoun

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447324218

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447324218.001.0001

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Public inquiries, committees

Public inquiries, committees

(p.157) Nine Public inquiries, committees
Policy Analysis in France

Cécile Blatrix

Guillaume Gourgues

Policy Press

Since the 1980s, several participatory procedures were introduced in France. The legal basis, uses, and effects of these procedures are at the heart of on-going debates among academics and practitioners. This chapter discusses the extent to which the accumulation of participatory procedures challenges French policy analysis. It seeks to understand the short-, mid- and long-term effects of these procedures on decision-making processes. It briefly maps out the main approaches and the principal results of existing academic studies, arguing that French policy analysis is less normative than analytical: the aim of scholars is not to promote a “good practice” of participation, but rather to understand how and why public participation is used by policy actors and its effects on policy making. Indeed, the link between participation and public policies is currently studied according to four theoretical and empirical approaches. They differ from one another according to how French policy analysis considers the effects, uses, impacts, and roles of public participation.

Keywords:   Participatory procedures, Policy analysis, Public participation, Decision-making

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