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Policy Analysis in France$
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Charlotte Halpern, Patrick Hassenteufel, and Philippe Zittoun

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781447324218

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447324218.001.0001

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The emergence of modern policy analysis in France

The emergence of modern policy analysis in France

(p.47) Three The emergence of modern policy analysis in France
Policy Analysis in France

Fabrice Hamelin

Policy Press

This chapter focuses on policy process studies as they emerged and developed in France from the 1950s to the early 1980s. To better understand how the establishment of policy process studies within academic research has taken shape, it seems necessary to trace the institutionalization trajectory. This trajectory developed within the academic world but also largely outside it, alongside it and in interaction with it. The influence acquired by the executive and its technocracy since the establishment of the Fifth Republic in 1958 provide also essential data for an understanding of how knowledge and the methods that focus on understanding and controlling public policy in France have developed. The first phase arose from planning and national accountability as vectors of the rationalization of public policy. It was further developed in the 1960s thanks to the transfer of debates and tools developed overseas. The second phase was characterized by the crisis of the Welfare State and the transfer of policy studies knowledge obtained by North American universities. During this second phase, the development and institutionalization of public policy analysis in academic research began to establish policy studies as an autonomous “branch” of French political sciences.

Keywords:   Rationalization, Institutionalization, Policy transfer, Policy analysis, Policy Studies

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