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Spatial Planning and Resilience Following DisastersInternational and Comparative Perspectives$
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Stefan Greiving, Michio Ubaura, and Jaroslav Tesliar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447323587

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447323587.001.0001

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Planning systems for risk reduction and issues in pre-disaster implementation

Planning systems for risk reduction and issues in pre-disaster implementation

(p.231) Chapter B1 Planning systems for risk reduction and issues in pre-disaster implementation
Spatial Planning and Resilience Following Disasters

Kanako Iuchi

Policy Press

This chapter examines the evolution of disaster management systems and its impact on land use controls that consider hazard mitigation, relying on examples from Japan, Indonesia, and the US, where various types of natural disasters have played a large role in articulating mitigation-reflected planning systems. Slovakian and German cases provide additional understanding. Analysis showed that mitigation-considered land use systems are likely to be enhanced after major disasters, and that efforts over the past decade – such as hazard mapping – have progressed in an effort to mitigate future disaster impacts. However, land use systems and disaster management systems are often implemented in parallel instead of being integrated, and hazard-reflected land use decisions often remain unrealized. Yet, involving local residents in the process provides some promising examples of mitigation-reflected land use. A process that values local participation is thus critical to advance spatial control for disaster impact mitigation.

Keywords:   mitigation-reflected land use, planning systems, disaster management systems, land use controls, spatial control

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