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Living on the MarginsUndocumented Migrants in A Global City$
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Alice Bloch and Sonia McKay

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447319368

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447319368.001.0001

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Grasping life on the margins

Grasping life on the margins

(p.177) Eight Grasping life on the margins
Living on the Margins

Alice Bloch

Sonia McKay

Policy Press

This concluding chapter returns to the themes discussed in the book, to capture the essence of what makes undocumented migrants tolerate their lives on the margins and it questions whose interests are served. It reflects on why undocumented migration occurs, what the imperatives are that drive it and what its affects are on migrants themselves, on their networks, on those who employ them and on society more generally. The chapter focusses on four key themes. First, we consider the use, by both undocumented migrants and minority ethnic employers, of resources and networks, taking account of the discussion in Chapters 4-6 on employment and social networks. Having reflected on how individuals survive and at what costs, we then turn to a re-examination of the policy aims and the consequences of migration policies reflecting on Chapters 2, 3 and 7. We consider concepts of risk taking and risk avoidance among undocumented migrants in their economic and social lives, before finally turning to a reflection on the impact of class, gender, language, skills and ethnicity on the lives of those without status.

Keywords:   Class, Gender, Language, Networks, Undocumented migrants

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