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Living on the MarginsUndocumented Migrants in A Global City$
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Alice Bloch and Sonia McKay

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447319368

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447319368.001.0001

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Ethnic enclave entrepreneurs

Ethnic enclave entrepreneurs

(p.105) Five Ethnic enclave entrepreneurs
Living on the Margins

Alice Bloch

Sonia McKay

Policy Press

This chapter provides insights into the experiences, businesses and business practices of minority ethnic employers from migrant backgrounds. Although we review their routes into business, our main focus is on their employment practices, including the recruitment of workers; the impact of immigration controls, including sanctions on those practices, where relevant, the reasons for employing undocumented migrants and the ways in which ethnicity and perceptions of workers based on stereotypes informed those practices. The chapter argues that motives for employing undocumented migrants are complex and that employers consider the obligations of family, kinship and geography, the sense of political solidarity and their need for trust within the employment relationship. It questions the usefulness of the sanctions regime in relation to employer practices. The chapter shows how some employers held stereotyped views of what constitutes a good worker and which workers were to be trusted. In recruitment a reliance on social networks replicated and cemented existing social relationships, so that labour forces were produced and reproduced around particular social categories, including ethnicity and gender.

Keywords:   Ethnicity, Gender, Social networks, Sanctions, Kinship, Recruitment, Undocumented

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