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Student Lives in CrisisDeepening Inequality in Times of Austerity$
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Lorenza Antonucci

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447318231

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447318231.001.0001

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State: generous, conditional or absent?

State: generous, conditional or absent?

(p.143) Nine State: generous, conditional or absent?
Student Lives in Crisis

Lorenza Antonucci

Policy Press

This chapter discusses the role of the state, described as ‘absent’ in Italy, where the needs of students are not covered by the state; ‘conditional’ in England, where state provisions for students in university are means-tested and complemented by family resources; and ‘generous’ in Sweden, where the state plays a central role in protecting the transitions to adulthood. Secondly, this chapter discusses the use of grants and loans by young people, and the different implications associated with them. Finally, the chapter proposes a model to understand how the different forms of semi-dependence experienced by young people in university are linked to the existing systems of student support. The chapter shows that higher forms of dependence on family resources are the direct consequence of less generous forms of state support.

Keywords:   loans, student support, grants, semi-dependence, university

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