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Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality in EuropePolicies, Culture and Public Opinion$
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Vera Lomazzi and Isabella Crespi

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781447317692

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447317692.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 22 May 2022

European gender cultures

European gender cultures

Chapter:
(p.101) Five European gender cultures
Source:
Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality in Europe
Author(s):

Vera Lomazzi

Isabella Crespi

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447317692.003.0006

Wondering whethergender mainstreaming really supports the shift to a more gender-egalitarian Europe,this chapter explores the intertwined relation between individual gender role attitudes, gender regimes,and gender cultures in Europe. It investigates how structural aspects, which determine the opportunities available for men and women to achieve their goals, as well as cultural features, which establish socially constructed, predominant family models and legitimised gender roles, contribute to explaining individuals’ beliefs in gender equality. The chapter reports empirical evidence of the positive effect of work-family balance policies, which enshrines the gender mainstreaming principles, on the promotion of gender egalitarian beliefs. Thesepolicies and workplace practices allow working parents to combine their professional and personal responsibilities, directly affecting their opportunity structures. Because of such realistic opportunities, people tend to express more egalitarian views. At the same time, the implementation of work-family balance policies transmits a certain idea of a lifestyle model and family pattern, legitimising them through structural elements that contribute to changing current gender regimes.

Keywords:   Gender regime, Gender culture, Gender role attitudes, Work-family balance policies, Opportunity structure, Cultural values, Contextual approach

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