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"Politics, power and community development"$
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Rosie R. Meade, Mae Shaw, and Sarah Banks

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447317364

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447317364.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

The politics of environmental justice: community development in Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazonia

The politics of environmental justice: community development in Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazonia

Chapter:
(p.159) Nine The politics of environmental justice: community development in Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazonia
Source:
"Politics, power and community development"
Author(s):

María Teresa Martínez Domínguez

Eurig Scandrett

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447317364.003.0009

This chapter is based on research and community work carried out in indigenous communities affected by the oil industry in both the Ecuadorean and Peruvian Amazon. In these areas local and regional socio-economic development programmes led by government agencies are often linked with the development of the oil industry, which implements community development programmes through its Corporate Social Responsibility strategy. This model of development, based only on the unsustainable exploitation of non-renewable resources, has increased poverty and environmental destruction and has failed to satisfy local needs and to create a diversified economy that could open new development opportunities for all the region’s social groups. Furthermore, this model is not compatible with the long-term cultural and physical survival of indigenous peoples. It is therefore necessary to pave the way towards a post-oil model of development that includes the views and proposals of indigenous peoples and other social groups in the region. Concepts such us ‘environmental justice’ and ‘ecological debt’ may help to challenge dominant views of development in the region by highlighting that the current model is built at the expense of unfair access to the earth’s resources and unfair distribution of human-led environmental impacts.

Keywords:   indigenous communities, oil industry, community development, corporate social responsibility, environmental justice, ecological debt, cultural survival

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