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Challenging the third sectorGlobal prospects for active citizenship$
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Sue Kenny, Marilyn Taylor, Jenny Onyx, and Marjorie Mayo

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447316916

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447316916.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Shifting paradigms

Shifting paradigms

(p.185) Eleven Shifting paradigms
Challenging the third sector

Sue Kenny

Marilyn Taylor

Jenny Onyx

Marjorie Mayo

Policy Press

The third sector and the nature of active citizenship are both changing rapidly. Indeed the sector may appear ever more confused as it appears to move simultaneously in opposite directions. With the increasing dominance of neo-liberal, market driven ideology, particularly in OECD countries, many third sector organisations, are turning to market-driven models of organisational structure and function and operate more like entrepreneurial businesses. One problem with this approach is the inherent conflict of interest between profit generation and social good. The chapter explores some of the negative aspects of this approach but also some of the positive developments, for example with the growth of cooperatives and hybrid approaches. New emergent (online) activist organisations are also part of the third sector though they sometimes defy categorisation. These are driven by passion and not money but by making astute use of the social media are able to operate with minimal financial resources.

Keywords:   third Sector, neo-liberal ideology, entrepreneurship, business models, cooperatives, hybrid models, online activism

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