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Community action and planningContexts, drivers and outcomes$
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Nick Gallent and Daniela Ciaffi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447315162

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447315162.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 02 April 2020

The Fourth Way of active citizenship:

The Fourth Way of active citizenship:

Case studies from the Netherlands1

(p.134) (p.135) 8 The Fourth Way of active citizenship
Community action and planning

Ton van der Pennen

Hanneke Schreuders

Policy Press

This chapter spotlights civil collective initiatives which aim to enhance the liveability of urban neighbourhoods. People in the Netherlands are becoming more involved than ever in shaping their own environments and have entered what some researchers have called a ‘third generation of citizen participation'. This third generation is characterised by new sophistication in community organisation, and by a focus on quality of life and urban liveability challenges. It recognises individual inter-dependency and collective independency as conditions for resolving locally-defined challenges. There is an entrepreneurial quality to this third generation, with citizens becoming everyday fixers of local problems. Examined are 14 based projects located in Dutch New Towns, which aimed - through active citizenship - to address issues of community capacity, housing quality, and the quality of the public realm. It shows the origins of active citizenship, but focuses also on the compromises that a shift into planning may require as citizens are drawn into relationships with non-community actors: the Fourth way of governance.

Keywords:   governance, liveability, active citizenship, every day fixers, life world

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