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Community development as micropoliticsComparing theories, policies and politics in America and Britain$
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Akwugo Emejulu

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447313175

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447313175.001.0001

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When technocracy met Marxism

When technocracy met Marxism

community development projects in Britain

(p.41) Chapter Three When technocracy met Marxism
Community development as micropolitics

Akwugo Emejulu

Policy Press

This chapter analyses the competing discourses and identities within the Urban Programme’s Community Development Projects (CDPs) in Britain from 1968 to 1975. It explores community and development in the UK and how it should be understood primarily as an official institutional practice of the welfare state. Two discourses are identified in this chapter: The ‘Rationalist discourse’ that is constituted by the texts, language and practices of the Wilson Government’s Home Office and the Gulbenkian Foundation, and the ‘Structuralist discourse’ that is constituted by the texts, language and practices of those newly created professional community workers seeking to reconstruct the identity and practices of both the community development profession and the role of the state. What remains uncontested in each of the discourses is that the state and the professional – not local people – are constructed as the key subjects invested with agency and the central agents to achieve social change.

Keywords:   Rationalist discourse, Structuralist discourse, Urban Programme’s Community Development Projects, CPDs, UK, Language

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