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The political and social construction of povertyCentral and Eastern European countries in transition$
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Serena Romano

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447312710

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447312710.001.0001

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East meets West: CEE countries, monetary institutions and the European Social Model

East meets West: CEE countries, monetary institutions and the European Social Model

(p.101) FOUR East meets West: CEE countries, monetary institutions and the European Social Model
The political and social construction of poverty

Serena Romano

Policy Press

Chapter four deals with the wide range of internal and external pressures for change which were experienced by CEE countries and the relative implications on the construction of poverty in the second phase of transition. Firstly, there is a brief review of the emergence of internal pressures for welfare change and the role of post-industrial social, economic and demographic dynamics, which had a massive impact on the reconfiguration of social policy following the dissolution of the planned economy. The subsequent section reopens the debate on the alleged opposition between “old” and “new Europe” based on the premise that new member states from the CEE region could have jeopardised the European Social Model. In the last section of this chapter the interventions of monetary institutions, the purpose of which was to create a residual social safety net and the role of the EU as a “silent” actor in the construction of social cohesion are examined.

Keywords:   international actors, World Bank, European Social Model, harmonisation, social safety

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