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Money for everyoneWhy we need a citizen's income$
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Malcolm Torry

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447311249

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.001.0001

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Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?

Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?

(p.29) Chapter 3 Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?
Money for everyone

Malcolm Torry

Policy Press

Family Allowance and Child Benefit were implemented, but other proposals have not been. Failed attempts at reform include genuine tax credits proposals during the early 1970s, Juliet Rhys Williams’ attempt at something like a Citizen's Income during the Second World War, and her son Brandon Rhys Williams’ more recent attempt at a genuine Citizen's Income. The current proposal for a Single Tier Pension (similar to a Citizen's Pension) looks as if it might happen. Reform proposals which have been implemented are Family Allowance, Child Benefit, Beveridge's 1942 contributory and means-tested benefit proposals, and ‘Universal Credit’. It appears that proposals will be implemented if they are for identifiable groups, if they have gained public understanding, and if they have not reduced the number of civil servants.

Keywords:   Juliet Rhys Williams, Brandon Rhys Williams, Single Tier Pension, Citizen's Pension, Family Allowance, Child Benefit, Tax Credits, Universal Credit, Civil servants, Public understanding

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