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Countryside connectionsOlder people, community and place in rural Britain$
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Catherine Hagan Hennessy, Robin Means, and Vanessa Burholt

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447310303

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447310303.001.0001

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Conceptualising rural connectivities in later life

Conceptualising rural connectivities in later life

(p.31) Two Conceptualising rural connectivities in later life
Countryside connections

Nigel Curry

Vanessa Burholt

Catherine Hagan Hennessy

Policy Press

Governments promote increased social connectivity to give power and responsibility to citizens. In England and Wales this has led to many older people’s networks and active community participation by rural elders. This can be conceptualised through social capital which can be seen as both inclusive (bridging capital), or exclusionary (bonding capital), as well as functional or power-related. While Bourdieu’s capitals explore social, economic, cultural and symbolic assets, a human ecology conceptualisation complements these with a focus on the importance of place in developing connectivity. Here, macrosystems focus on national and international influences, exosystems on external influences, mesosystems on direct influences and microsystems on individual or personal space. Further, the chronosystem can also take temporal influences into account in examining connectivity from a conceptual standpoint.

Keywords:   social connectivity, social capital, Bourdieu, human ecology, macrosystems, exosystems, mesosystems, microsystems, chronosystems

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