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The shame of itGlobal perspectives on anti-poverty policies$
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Erika K. Gubrium, Sony Pellissery, and Ivar Lødemel

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447308713

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447308713.001.0001

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New urban poverty and new welfare provision: China’s dibao system

New urban poverty and new welfare provision: China’s dibao system

(p.17) Two New urban poverty and new welfare provision: China’s dibao system
The shame of it

Ming Yan

Policy Press

This chapter begins with a focus on the historical context for China’s policymaking domain – China’s structural transition since the mid-1980s from a command- to a market economy. As a result, it bears witness to a shift from egalitarianism to the acceptance of competition and consequently unequal socio-economic outcomes, as well as the retreat of the state from welfare provision. It is under these conditions that poverty has re-emerged as a “problem” in the public discourse, which may have accordingly shaped the psycho-social dimensions of poverty alleviation. The problem of urban poverty has been heightened from the late 1990s as a result of the massive restructuring and privatization of the state-owned-enterprises, which have led to thousands of industrial workers being laid off. The chapter ends with a discussion of the nature, manifestations and causes of urban poverty in China. Such backgrounds provide the broader context within which poverty alleviation measures have been conceptualized.

Keywords:   China, structural transition, market liberalization, urban poverty, economic restructuring

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