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Policy analysis in Brazil$
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Jeni Vaitsman, Jose M. Ribeiro, and Lenaura Lobato

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306849

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.001.0001

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Brazil's Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Integrating Prevention and Treatment

Brazil's Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Integrating Prevention and Treatment

(p.149) Twelve Brazil's Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Integrating Prevention and Treatment
Policy analysis in Brazil

Elize Massard da Fonseca

Francisco I. Bastos

Policy Press

Civil society action in national policies in response to the AIDS epidemic since the 1980s, one of the prime examples of successful policy combining government capability and societal activism in Brazil, is examined by Elize Massard Fonseca and Francisco Inácio P. Bastos. As the basis for analysing the overall policy, they focus on government policies to guarantee access to anti-retroviral drugs, looking at the role of advocacy groups in the debate over ownership of drug patents and harm reduction policies for drug users. The World Bank's strong support for AIDS control favoured the agenda of groups and experts concerned to produce policy analyses and solutions, such as needle exchange programmes as harm reduction policy. Activism connected with the epidemic and AIDS control played an important role in information production for, and influence on, government decision-making, particularly in promoting universal access to drugs, in discussion forums on intellectual property and in the clash with laboratories over prices and local production rights.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS policies, HIV/AIDS prevention, Harm reduction, Societal activism, Drug access, Advocay groups

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