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Analysing social policy concepts and languageComparative and Transnational Perspectives$
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Daniel Béland and Klaus Petersen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306443

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306443.001.0001

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Evolving social policy languages in Spain

Evolving social policy languages in Spain

what did democracy and EU membership change?

(p.263) FOURTEEN Evolving social policy languages in Spain
Analysing social policy concepts and language

Ana M. Guillén

David Luque

Policy Press

The interest of the Spanish welfare state for analyzing the evolution of social policy language is derived precisely from its peculiar historical development. Social policy was initiated in Spain in 1900. The development of social insurance followed the Bismarckian model from then until the end of Franco’s authoritarian regime in 1975. However, the Spanish welfare state has become a mix-model during the last 35 years of democratic rule. In fact, while the income-maintenance system remains broadly rooted in Bismarckian principles, health care, education, and, partially, social care services have been universalized following the social democratic model. This chapter analyzes the changes in social policy language, focusing especially on the periods of transition to democracy and consolidation. The chapter also compares the language used in different policy areas and whether it is in accordance with the principles in which they are grounded.

Keywords:   Spain, Bismarckian model, social policy, social insurance, welfare state, social policy language, EU (European Union) Membership, democracy

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