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Policy analysis in Germany$
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Sonja Blum and Klaus Schubert

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306252

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.001.0001

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Federal government: permanent in-house capacities – life within the ‘apparatus’

Federal government: permanent in-house capacities – life within the ‘apparatus’

(p.91) Seven Federal government: permanent in-house capacities – life within the ‘apparatus’
Policy analysis in Germany

Josef Schmid

Daniel Buhr

Policy Press

This chapter starts off from studying the connection between ‘reform policy’, planning and political-administrative capacities from the mid 1960s to the 1990s and identifies its shifting paradigms: from policy-making as planning, via the problem-solving bias to governance and bringing politics and micro-politics back in. Afterwards, the institutional basis of federal policy-making is analysed. On the political level, problems of consensus are identified, as federalism, corporatism and party government are characteristics element of the German system. On the administrative level, the chapter finds problems of coordination, as is exemplified by the thinking in portfolios (Ressortdenken), the monopoly of the legal profession (Juristenmonopol) and the structure and function of the Chancellery. And finally, on the informal level, there are mainly problems of knowledge, as is exemplified by two prominent advisory boards (‘Hartz’, ‘Rürup’). Against the background of these three problems, the chapter closes by discussing strengths (e.g. good in-house capacities) and weaknesses (e.g. deficits in learning) of policy-making in the information society.

Keywords:   in-house capacities, advisory boards, policy-making, planning, federal administration

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