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Policy analysis in Germany$
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Sonja Blum and Klaus Schubert

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306252

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.001.0001

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Historical forerunners of policy analysis in Germany

Historical forerunners of policy analysis in Germany

(p.19) Two Historical forerunners of policy analysis in Germany
Policy analysis in Germany

Klaus von Beyme

Policy Press

This chapter deals with the historical forerunners of modern policy analysis in Germany, and their imprints on the discipline today. In the early 17th century, Germany turned into a provincial political conglomerate: In this chaotic situation, only few German thinkers were widely recognised, while the dominant influences came from Dutch, French and British philosophers. At the same time, starting with Heidelberg in 1386, there were intensive political and legal discussions in the newly created universities, competing between the different German territories. In this situation, Aristotelian thinking and the concept of ‘policies’ gained importance and a typically German doctrine of ‘Cameralism’, directed towards administration and economy, was developed especially at Protestant universities. Only in the 19th century did this tradition come to an end. The chapter studies these historical developments in detail and shows how later political thinkers took up ideas from ‘Cameralism’/’Polizey-Wissenschaft’, thereby influencing German policy sciences of today.

Keywords:   Policy, Polizey-Staat, Reason of state, Legal state (Rechtsstaat)

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