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Long-Term Care Reforms in OECD Countries$
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Cristiano Gori, Jose-Luis Fernandez, and Raphael Wittenberg

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447305057

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447305057.001.0001

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Developing a skilled long‑term care workforce

Developing a skilled long‑term care workforce

(p.197) Nine Developing a skilled long‑term care workforce
Long-Term Care Reforms in OECD Countries

Francesca Colombo

Tim Muir

Policy Press

This chapter reviews the strategies to address the need for more LTC workers carried out internationally. A main strand consists of policies focused on recruitment, adding new inflows in the sector. It is possible to seek new recruitment pools among groups that are underrepresented in LTC jobs or that may not consider a career in caring. Another option consists of attracting migrants, through both regular and irregular migration, a path followed to various degrees by several countries. In the short-term, the strategies focused exclusively on recruitment can allow to recruit many workers but in the long-run they do not suffice: improving the job quality needs to be an essential component of the workforce policies. In fact, to recruit more carers maintaining their current work situation will mean to continue with high turnover, low job quality and low pay, leading to low quality of care. Recruitment, therefore, needs to be a part of a broader policy strategy, comprising also higher wages, improvement of the work-related conditions, greater professional autonomy of the workers, and a particular attention paid to education and training.

Keywords:   workforce, recruitment, migrants, wages, work-related conditions, professional autonomy, education, training

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