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Values in criminology and community justice$
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Malcolm Cowburn, Marian Duggan, Anne Robinson, and Paul Senior

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447300359

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.001.0001

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Working with victims: values and validations

Working with victims: values and validations

(p.239) Fourteen Working with victims: values and validations
Values in criminology and community justice

Marian Duggan

Policy Press

The recognition that people can be persecuted on the basis of an actual or perceived identity has underpinned the enactment and expansion of UK ‘hate crime’ laws. The ‘hate debate’ has questioned the efficacy of such laws to prevent crime or protect minority groups, as well as whether they create a hierarchy of victimisation which in turn may fuel further hostility towards identifiable ‘others’. This chapter focuses on a more nuanced aspect of the debate: the impact that socially constructed and denigrated identities may have on availing of legal redress. Using a case study approach, the chapter assesses how evidence relating to the treatment of gypsies and travellers and street-sleeping homeless people indicates that there is scope for a broader consideration of ‘vulnerability’ over currently demarcated identity characteristics. However, without a substantial shift in social attitudes (towards these two groups in particular), enhancing legal remedies to harm may be redundant.

Keywords:   Hate crime, victimisation, vulnerability, homelessness, gypsies/travellers, identity, equality

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