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transForming genderTransgender practices of identity, intimacy and care$

Sally Hines

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861349163

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861349163.001.0001

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(p.223) Index

(p.223) Index

Source:
transForming gender
Publisher:
Policy Press

Page references for notes are followed by n

A
Adam, B. 38–9
Adu-Pou, S. 95
Agnes 14
Aizura, A. 178
Almada, Nadia 2, 175–6, 189
anthropology 16–17, 117–18
Arber, S. 37
Ashley, April 11
assimilation 77–8, 175, 178, 186, 187
authenticity 32, 60–1, 72–3, 83
hierarchies 76–7
B
Bailey, J.M. 105
Beaumont Society 162, 163, 164
Beck, U. 159, 161
Beck-Gernsheim, E. 159
Bell, D. 45, 181
Benjamin, H. 11, 12, 13, 59, 62
berdache 16, 191n
Big Brother 5 2, 175–6, 189
binary gender model
care and intimacy 42
citizenship 45, 46
ethnomethodology 9, 15
feminism 6, 20, 22–3
Gender Recognition Act 178–80
language 82
medical perspective 5, 65
sociology 31
and transgender community 76
Binnie, J. 45, 181
biology
ethnomethodology 14–15
feminism 101
and parenting 145
see also sex
bisexuality 114
Bockting, W.O. 105
bodies 83, 187–8
feminism 101
and partnerships 134–6
and sexuality 116–17
transformation 68–74
see also wrong body
Bolin, A. 81–2
Bornstein, K. 25, 80–1, 114, 185
Bourdieu, P. 27
Boyd, N.A. 71, 116, 178–9
Bozett, F.W. 159
Brake, M. 17, 118
Brazil 117
Budgeon, S. 127, 131
Burns, Christine 2
Butler, J. 22–3, 31, 61, 79, 92, 95, 111, 113, 125, 159
C
Califia, P. 71, 185
Carabine, J. 37–8
care 35–6, 47, 161–2, 180–1, 186, 188–9
education 168–9
feminist studies 36–8
filling gaps 171–3
giving something back 165–8
non-heterosexual practices 38–42
shared experience 164–5
and support groups 162–4
towards an individual system 169–71
‘Care, Values and the Future of Welfare’ (CAVA) 153, 165, 171, 193
Castells, M. 145
Chandler, T. 40
childhood 50–2
children
negotiating transition 141–5
open dialogue with 138–41, 145–6
telling 137–8
citizenship 3, 175–7, 180–1, 186–7
conceptualising 43–6, 47
transgressing 177–80
Civil Partnerships Act 2004 187
Clare, D. 105
clothes 51–2
Coleman, E. 105
coming out 53–5
Cowell, Roberta 11
Cromwell, J. 49, 63–4, 91, 103, 105, 114
cross-dressing see transvestism
cultural representations 1–2, 58
cultural theory 8, 190
D
De Sutter, P. 145
Decision, The 157
desire 109
fluidity 103–12
object 112–14
reconfigured partnerships 130–1
(p.224) Devor, A.H. 49, 108, 120, 121
difference 83, 126
and citizenship 45, 181
feminism 20, 184
queer theory 26
Dunne, G. 38, 39–40
E
education 166–8, 180
as an ethic of care 168–9
Ekins, R. 9, 29–31, 50, 81–2, 118, 191n
Ellen, Barbara 2
Elliot, P. 117
Ellis, H. 10
embodiment see bodies
Epstein, J. 68
ESRC 153, 165, 171, 193
ethic of care 168–9
ethnomethodology 5, 9, 13–15, 32–3
Evans, D. 44
F
families of choice 39, 47, 147, 154, 159, 186
family 35, 127, 146
see also kinship; parenting
Feinberg, L. 28, 49, 90, 118–19, 185
female-to-male (FtM) transpeople see trans men
femininity 97–8
feminism 5, 9, 33, 85–6, 100–1, 183–4
care 35–8
citizenship 43
postmodernism 23–4
poststructuralism 22–3
radical 17–20
sex and gender 20–2
trans men 86–95, 188
trans women 95–100, 188
Finch, J. 36–7
Flax, J. 24
Foucault, M. 21, 22, 64, 68
Franklin, S. 159
Freud, S. 67
friendship 40–1, 42, 47, 131, 147, 188
ethic 154–6
transgender networks 156–9, 160
FtM Network 164, 172
G
Gabb, J. 137
Gagne, P. 50, 58, 77, 82
Garber, M. 25–6
Garfinkel, H. 13, 14, 15
Gay Liberation Front (GLF) 118
gay men 188
care and intimacy 38–42, 127, 173
queer theory 184
rights 44–5
shared experience 164, 165
support networks 163
gender 46
ethnomethodology 13–15
feminism 17, 18, 20, 22–3, 24
and sex 12, 59
and sexuality 105
gender diversity 185–7, 189–90
articulating 78–83
gender dysphoria 12, 13, 57, 59–60, 105, 169
wrong body 62, 65
gender identities 49, 85–6, 100–1
pre-transition 50–3
trans men 86–95
trans women 95–100
gender migration 50
gender outlaws 25, 81, 114
gender performance 74–5
gender pluralism 31
Gender Recognition Act 2004 (GRA) 2, 45–6, 144, 181, 187
binary gender model 178–80
marriage 176–7
medical perspective 59
Gender Trust 163, 164, 165, 166
Gendys 163–4
Giddens, A. 40, 131, 150, 161
Gilbert, N. 37
GIRES 165
Graham, H. 37
Green, J. 77
Green, R. 59, 136–7, 140
Grosz, E. 67
Groves, D. 36–7
Gutierrez, A. 16
H
habitus 27
Halberstam, J. 49, 62, 65–7, 70–1, 82, 91, 92, 185, 189
Hale, J. 92, 98, 105
Harry Benjamin Association 63, 168
Hedges, W. 25
Heyes, C.J. 62
Hird, M.J. 31–2
Hirschauer, S. 50
Hirschfield, M. 10
HIV/AIDS 38–9, 172
Hollibaugh, A. 20
Hollway, W. 195, 200
homosexuality 10
see also gay men; lesbians
hormones 69–70
(p.225) I
identity 2–3, 187
cultural theories 8, 190
feminist 100–1
queer theory 25–6
social theories 8, 190
identity politics 120–2
intimacy 35, 36, 47, 127–8, 177, 186
non-heterosexual practices 38–42
transition 57
intimate citizenship 45
Izzard, Eddie 2
J
Jamieson, George 11
Jamieson, L. 40
Jefferson, T. 195, 200
Jeffreys, S. 19–20
Johnson, S. 162, 168
Jones, Lynne 2
Juang, R. 178
K
Katz, J. 16–17
Kessler, S.J. 13, 14–15
King, D. 9, 11, 12, 29–31, 50, 81–2, 118, 191n
Kinks 58
kinship 41–2, 147, 159, 160, 188
fractured families 151–3
and friendship 154
support of family 147–50
Koyama, E. 101
Kulick, D. 49, 117
L
language 78–83
lesbian and gay studies 9, 16–17, 33, 110
lesbian, gay and bisexual movement
coalition politics 122–5
transgender identities 117–22, 125
see also gay men
lesbians 188
care and intimacy 38–42, 173
partnering and parenting relationships 127
queer theory 184
rights 44–5
shared experience 164, 165
support networks 163
and trans men 87–8, 89, 90–1
and trans women 99–100
and transgendered bodies 116
Lewins, F. 49, 82
Lindow, V. 36–7
Lister, R. 43
‘Lola’ (The Kinks) 58
M
MacDonald, E. 26, 33, 126, 184
male-to-female (MtF) transpeople see trans women
masculinity 93–5, 96
Mason-Schrock, D. 73
Matte, N. 120, 121
McKenna, W. 13, 14–15
McNab, Claire 177
McNay, L. 27
medical perspectives 5, 9, 10–13, 32, 58–9, 183
critique 13, 14, 15
gender dysphoria 59–60
sexuality 103, 105–6
transgender identities 58–64
medical profession 168–9
men
care 37
see also gay men
Merleau-Ponty, M. 67, 109
Mermaids 148, 164, 166, 173
migration 30, 50, 66–7
Money, J. 12, 59
Monro, S. 9, 31, 43, 45, 49–50, 92, 93, 169, 191n
Morgan, L.M. 117–18
Morris, J. 36–7
N
Namaste, K. 8, 26, 125
Nardi, P. 40, 154, 159
Nataf, Z. 49, 63, 64–5, 67, 69, 70, 71, 78
Native Americans 16–17
Neale, B. 141
negating 30
New Zealand 117
Noddings, N. 167–8, 169
O
oscillating 30
P
Pahl, R. 139
parenting 39–40, 127, 136–7, 145–6, 188
negotiating transition with children 141–5
open dialogue 138–41
telling children 137–8
Parliamentary Forum on Transsexualism 46, 59
partnering 35, 39–40, 127, 145, 146, 188
forming relationships 133–6
Gender Recognition Act 176–7
and parenting 140–1
(p.226) reconfigured partnerships 128–31
relationship separation 131–3
passing 14, 57, 77, 178
performativity 23, 32
Perry, Grayson 2
phalloplasty 71
plastic sexuality 40
Plummer, K. 30, 45, 199, 200–1
postmodernism 5
and bisexuality 114
feminism 23–4, 33, 183–4
queer theory 26–7
poststructuralism 5, 10, 185, 190
feminism 22–3, 33, 183–4
transgender 31
Press for Change (PfC) 2, 46, 59, 177
Prosser, J. 60–2, 65–6, 67, 83
puberty 52–3
Q
Queer Nation 177
queer sociology 8, 27, 31, 33, 84, 183, 185
and sexual identity 125–6
queer theory 5, 25–7, 74, 184–5
care and intimacy 42
and embodiment 61
queer transgender identities 57, 114–17
R
radical feminism 17–20, 33
and trans men 86, 87, 89–90, 91
Ragone, H. 159
Raymond, J. 18–20, 28, 87, 95–6
real-life experience 69, 191n
reciprocity 165
recognition 175–7, 179, 180
rehearsed narratives 50, 64–5
Reid, L. 103, 109, 110
research
analysis and validity 198–9
ethical considerations 200–1
methodology 193–5
participants 195–8
Richardson, D. 44, 181
Riddell, C. 96
Roen, K. 76, 117
Roscoe, W. 16
Roseneil, S. 41, 42, 125, 127, 131
Rubin, G. 20–2, 88, 118, 119
Rubin, H. 100–1
RuPaul 2
S
same-sex sexuality see homosexuality
Sandell, J. 41, 42, 144
Savage, Lily 2
Schrock, P. 103, 109, 110
Sedgwick, E.K. 114
Seidman, S. 25
self-help groups see support groups
sex
feminism 17, 18, 22–3
and gender 12, 14–15, 46, 59
queer theory 184
sociology 31–2
sexual citizenship 186
sexual desire see desire
sexual identities 49, 103, 125–6
coalition politics 122–5
fluidity 103–12
objects of desire 112–14
transgender and lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer practices 114–25
sexuality 103
and care 37–8
and citizenship 44–5
feminism 20–2
medical perspectives 10
queer transgender practices 114–17
shared experience 164–5, 180
significant moments 55–8
Singer, T.B. 162–3
Smart, C. 141
social movements 161, 180
sociology 29–32
Spencer, L. 139
Stacey, J. 127, 146
Stoller, R. 59, 62
Stone, S. 18, 25, 28, 60, 62, 64, 114, 185
Storr, M. 114
Stryker, S. 26–7, 28–9, 76, 81, 116
Stychin, C. 44–5
support groups 161–4, 180, 188–9
filling care gaps 171–3
giving something back 165–8
HIV/AIDS 39
moving on 173–5
shared experience 164–5
surgery 11–12, 32, 59, 70–2
T
Taylor, J. 40
Tewksbury, R. 50, 58, 77, 82
third gender 117–18
Towle, E.B. 117–18
trans 191n
trans men, and feminism 85–95, 100–1
trans women, and feminism 85–6, 95–101
transcending 30
transfeminism 101
transgender 1
cultural representations 1–2
ethnomethodology 15, 32–3
feminist approaches 17–24, 33, 85–6
lesbian and gay studies 33
medical perspectives 5, 9, 10–13, 32
queer theory 25–7
sociology 29–32
transgender citizenship 46
(p.227) transgender identities 3–5, 49–50, 83–4, 188, 189–90
bodily transformations 68–74
coming out 53–5
and language 78–83
medicalisation, wrong body and rehearsed narratives 58–68
pre-transition 50–3
queer transgender practices 114–17
significant moments 55–8
within lesbian and gay identity politics 117–22
transgender studies 28–9, 33–4, 185
transgression 32, 176, 177, 181
transhomosexuality 105
transition
bodily transformations 68–74
coming out 53–5
and embodiment 83
fluidity of sexual identity, desire and practice 103–12
gender performance and hierarchies of
authenticity 74–8
negotiating with children 141–5
object of desire 112–14
significant moments 55–8
wrong body 60
Transsexual Menace 177
transsexuality
Beaumont Society 163
and embodiment 61–2
identity 3–4
language 79
medical perspectives 11–13
and transvestism 75–6, 77
transvestism
Beaumont Society 163
gender performance 75
medical perspectives 10, 11
queer theory 25–6
and transsexuality 75–6, 77
travesti 117
trust 165
Tully, B. 105
U
ungendering 30
Ungerson, C. 37
V
Valentine, G. 115
Vance, C. 20, 22
W
Walby, S. 24
Warren, L. 45, 92, 93
Weeks, J. 38, 39, 40–2, 44, 45, 131, 163, 164, 173, 176, 177, 179, 194, 198
Western Boys 172
Weston, K. 39, 41, 42, 164, 165
Whitehead, H. 16
Whittle, S. 1, 18, 27, 73
Wilchins, R.A. 91–2, 179
Williams, F. 35, 37, 153, 160, 161, 165, 171, 175
Williams, W.L. 16
Wilson, M. 49, 82
women
care 36–7
see also feminism; lesbians
Wright, E. 23–4
wrong body 12, 60–8