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Rethinking residential child carePositive perspectives$
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Mark Smith

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781861349088

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.001.0001

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History

History

Chapter:
(p.19) two History
Source:
Rethinking residential child care
Author(s):

Mark Smith

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0002

This chapter examines the ideas of earlier generations of practice, and outlines some of the twists and turns of policy, practice, and ideology that have contributed to how residential child care in Britain is currently constituted. It traces the history of how children were cared for over the centuries, from the pre-Reformation to the second half of the nineteenth century. The chapter looks at: the Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601, which located responsibility for social welfare with parishes, as well as the establishment of Royal hospitals and industrial or ‘ragged’ schools; legislation relating to residential care, including the UK 1908 Children Act; residential child care within social work; training for residential child care; the concept of group care; the 1989 Children Act; and the 1995 Children (Scotland) Act.

Keywords:   Britain, residential child care, pre-Reformation, social welfare, social work, 1601 Poor Laws, group care, 1989 Children Act, Children (Scotland) Act

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