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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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Education policy

Education policy

Chapter:
(p.147) eight Education policy
Source:
Social policy in China
Author(s):

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0008

This chapter presents the objectives and content of China's education before the economic reforms. It also covers the development of China's post-reform education policies in terms of basic education, vocational education and higher education, and the development of private education. In addition, the impact of China's education reforms on the well-being of students and their families is reported. China has achieved great strides in educational development. Since the late 1990s, a new education policy orientation has been fostered by the government to counter the culture of examination-centred education. To some extent, the development of China's education system has damaged education equality, just as China's economic prosperity has been achieved at the expense of social equity and environmental quality. The introduction of fees and the adoption of multiple channels of funding have diminished central and local governments' responsibilities for education financing and have increased school autonomy.

Keywords:   education policy, China, economic reforms, education system, Chinese government, social equity, environmental quality

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