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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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Social policy in the context of economic reforms

Social policy in the context of economic reforms

(p.27) three Social policy in the context of economic reforms
Social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Policy Press

This chapter provides an account of China's welfare changes over three decades in the context of economic reforms. In particular, it explores the welfare functions of communes and work units before China's economic reforms. The new economic ideologies and practices during the first stage of reforms and the key economic ideologies and measures in the second reform stage after 1993 and their impact on the employment and benefits of workers are also investigated. Furthermore, the chapter evaluates the main welfare initiatives adopted by the Chinese government during the two stages of economic reforms. Welfare reforms in China mainly resulted from its new economic policies. The Chinese government had to establish a new welfare system compatible with the operation of a market economy. There is a gap between economic development and social development in China; economic growth has been pursued at the expense of the well-being of deprived groups.

Keywords:   social policy, economic reforms, China, economic ideologies, welfare reforms, Chinese government, economic growth

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