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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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Welfare reforms and well-being

Welfare reforms and well-being

(p.195) ten Welfare reforms and well-being
Social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Policy Press

This chapter reports on the extent of people's well-being in China's modern welfare system. It also draws conclusions on the key features of the Chinese welfare system, including: minimal levels of assistance; urban- and labour market-oriented welfare provision; collective surveillance and social segregation, leading to a cycle of deprivation among poor families; gradually introducing laid-off workers to the open employment market; administrative absorption of welfare dissatisfaction; and a gap in welfare implementation. The long-term development of China's welfare system is unclear although there have been some signs of improvement under the administration of Chairman Wu and Premier Wen. The development of social policy over the past three decades, revealed the exclusion of migrant workers from basic needs, and the welfare gap between men and women, shows that China's traditional socialist welfare values centred on equality and human needs have been severely suppressed.

Keywords:   welfare reforms, well-being, Chinese welfare system, welfare provision, employment market, social policy

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