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Communities, identities and crime$
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Basia Spalek

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348043

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348043.001.0001

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Communities and criminal justice: engaging legitimised, project and resistance identities

Communities and criminal justice: engaging legitimised, project and resistance identities

Chapter:
(p.83) four Communities and criminal justice: engaging legitimised, project and resistance identities
Source:
Communities, identities and crime
Author(s):

Basia Spalek

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861348043.003.0005

This chapter looks at the notion of community with respect to the criminal justice and community safety sectors. It highlights how an emphasis upon community participation in criminal justice reflects broader developments in governance, whereby responsibility and accountability for crime is increasingly concentrated at local levels, whilst at the same time centralised control in terms of resources and target-setting is maintained. Furthermore, this comprises a form of institutional reflection that involves criminal justice institutions opening themselves up to the communities that they serve, with the lay public engaging with, as well as critiquing, rival forms of expertise. The chapter also discusses community representation within criminal justice and how community participation helps to create and sustain legitimised identities. Finally, it argues that despite the significant challenges that engagement with resistance identities (and indeed project identities) raises, it is important to stress that engagement should be actively pursued by government as a way of reducing further entrenchment and separation.

Keywords:   community, criminal justice, legitimised identities, project identities, resistance identities, community participation, responsibility, accountability, crime, community representation

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