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Offenders in focusRisk, responsivity and diversity$
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Kathryn Farrow

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861347879

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861347879.001.0001

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Substance misuse

Substance misuse

(p.123) seven Substance misuse
Offenders in focus

Kathryn Farrow

Gill Kelly

Bernadette Wilkinson

Policy Press

This chapter explores the extent to which the misuse of drugs and/or alcohol is associated with offending behaviour and the nature of that association. The answers to those questions are more complex than might at first appear and are used to suggest some practice implications for those working with substance misuse in a criminal justice context. Both alcohol and drug misuse are dynamic risk factors for offending behaviour, included as part of a holistic assessment of risk. For those offenders where substance misuse is indicated, this risk assessment may be supplemented by specialist assessments focusing on the substance misuse in more detail. This chapter also considers the social context of alcohol and drug use and their complex relationships with crime. It discusses what is known about effective interventions, with a particular focus on responsivity and the motivation to change. The chapter seeks to help practitioners clarify the complex relationship between substance use and offending behaviour and the implications for responsivity.

Keywords:   substance misuse, offending behaviour, drug misuse, criminal justice, risk assessment, crime, responsivity

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