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Offenders in focusRisk, responsivity and diversity$
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Kathryn Farrow

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861347879

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861347879.001.0001

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‘Race’ and culture

‘Race’ and culture

(p.77) five ‘Race’ and culture
Offenders in focus

Kathryn Farrow

Gill Kelly

Bernadette Wilkinson

Policy Press

This chapter focuses on ‘race’ and culture and encourages thinking about identity and its impact on responsivity. It provides practical approaches to help practitioners work across a range of differences in ways that address risk. Misattribution or oversimplification of the causes of offending behaviour are themes that influence the experiences of Black or minority ethnic offenders within the criminal justice system. This is not unique to these offenders; a misunderstanding of cause and effect is possible for any individual. However, challenges to practitioners in making accurate and holistic assessments across ‘race’ and culture are compounded by a number of influences, including lack of knowledge. This chapter reflects on how understandings of ‘race’, racism, culture and identity have changed and developed, and on how those differences remain highly significant for an individual's experiences, including their experiences of the criminal justice system. The chapter considers the impact of language in communicating and thinking clearly, as well as Black women's experiences and the effect of discrimination on individual identity.

Keywords:   ethnic offenders, race, culture, identity, responsivity, risk, offending behaviour, criminal justice, racism, language

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