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Independent futuresCreating user-led disability services in a disabling society$
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Colin Barnes

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9781861347183

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861347183.001.0001

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Traditional approaches: disability policy and the welfare state

Traditional approaches: disability policy and the welfare state

(p.9) two Traditional approaches: disability policy and the welfare state
Independent futures

Colin Barnes

Geof Mercer

Policy Press

This chapter provides an overview of social policies that have influenced the lives of people with impairments, and how these have changed historically across different political and economic contexts. First, it outlines available assistance from the 17th to the early 20th century for individuals broadly categorised as ‘sick and infirm’. Second, it reviews the consolidation of the welfare state in the 1940s. The final section outlines the reforms since the 1970s to the welfare state and public sector provision. Initiatives from both Conservative and New Labour governments promoted a ‘mixed economy of welfare’ and consumerism, along with novel forms of governance, but these failed to deliver major progress in overturning the social exclusion of disabled people.

Keywords:   social policy, disability policy, welfare state, disabled, mixed economy of welfare, consumerism, social exclusion

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