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Gendering citizenship in Western EuropeNew challenges for citizenship research in a cross-national context$
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Ruth Lister

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346940

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346940.001.0001

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(p.166) (p.167) Conclusion
Gendering citizenship in Western Europe

Lister Ruth

Williams Fiona

Anttonen Anneli

Bussemaker Jet

Gerhard Ute

Heinen Jacqueline

Johansson Stina

Leira Arnlaug

Siim Birte

Tobio Constanza

Gavanas Anna

Policy Press

This chapter gathers a number of threads and raises some general issues for future research and policy making. It first reflects on the challenges and then expands on the fresh perspectives that are believed to contribute to the understandings of gendered citizenship in Europe. The chapter specifically provides a fresh perspective on the study of gendered citizenship by bringing together the issues of childcare, migration, and global relations. The implications for gendered citizenship are mixed. The complicated relationship between multiculturalism and gender equality illustrates the point that citizenship operates simultaneously as an inclusionary and exclusionary force, and that the processes of exclusion within and at the borders of nation states intersect. The interconnections that have been demonstrated between the growing dominance of an adult-worker model across Europe, childcare policies, and migration in a global context, have implications for policy within individual member states.

Keywords:   gendered citizenship, Europe, policy making, childcare, migration, global relations, multiculturalism, gender equality

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