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Gendering citizenship in Western EuropeNew challenges for citizenship research in a cross-national context$
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Ruth Lister

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346940

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346940.001.0001

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Historical perspectives

Historical perspectives

(p.16) (p.17) One Historical perspectives
Gendering citizenship in Western Europe

Lister Ruth

Williams Fiona

Anttonen Anneli

Bussemaker Jet

Gerhard Ute

Heinen Jacqueline

Johansson Stina

Leira Arnlaug

Siim Birte

Tobio Constanza

Gavanas Anna

Policy Press

This chapter takes a historical perspective so as to contextualise citizenship through elaboration of its legal and theoretical roots. After introducing the terminology of the legal tradition and the models of the modern concept of citizenship, it then describes the delays and the impediments to women's citizenship in the different dimensions of political, civil, and social citizenship rights. Additionally, the role played by feminist interventions in opening up citizenship to women is explained. Different models of citizenship regimes are the background to the gendered understanding and experience of citizenship. Women's equal citizenship was not only delayed but impeded as long as possible. It is also noted that the interplay and interdependence of the three dimensions of citizenship – political, civil, and social – is crucial for the agency of the individual and for a democratic practice.

Keywords:   political citizenship, civil citizenship, social citizenship, women, citizenship rights, feminist interventions

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