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Care and social integration in European societies$
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Birgit Pfau-Effinger and Birgit Geissler

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346049

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.001.0001

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Migrants' care work in private households, or the strength of bilocal and transnational ties as a last(ing) resource in global migration

Migrants' care work in private households, or the strength of bilocal and transnational ties as a last(ing) resource in global migration

Chapter:
(p.93) Five Migrants' care work in private households, or the strength of bilocal and transnational ties as a last(ing) resource in global migration
Source:
Care and social integration in European societies
Author(s):

Felicitas Hillmann

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0005

This chapter describes the impact of gender in the global migration debate. Italy and Germany are chosen to highlight the high capacity of migrant strategies to adapt to the needs of an informalised labour market and to cope with precarious situations in the countries of origin. The chapter then provides two regional case studies. The southern European, that is, Italian, model is emphasized by characterising the situation of migrant care workers in the 1990s and by pointing out their transnational strategies. The regional examples illustrate differences: while Italy has a longstanding tradition of employing care workers and offers a vast informal sector that absorbs migrant workers very easily, Germany's care traditions are quite different. When comparing the two regional examples, it may be concluded that Italy's situation in the early 1990s resembles the migrant inclusion model in the field of care work in Germany in the early 2000s.

Keywords:   global migration, private households, gender, Italy, Germany, migrant strategies, migrant care workers

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