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Care and social integration in European societies$
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Birgit Pfau-Effinger and Birgit Geissler

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346049

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.001.0001

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Labour market participation of women and social exclusion: contradictory processes of care employment in Sweden and Germany

Labour market participation of women and social exclusion: contradictory processes of care employment in Sweden and Germany

Chapter:
(p.195) Ten Labour market participation of women and social exclusion: contradictory processes of care employment in Sweden and Germany
Source:
Care and social integration in European societies
Author(s):

Hildegard Theobald

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0010

This chapter demonstrates how the structures of care work in formal employment are in different ways influenced by the informal, family-based care work of the past. It also reports the interplay between social integration and social exclusion for different groups of women, combining issues of gender and social inequality. Additionally, gender and social norms are defined as ideas about the responsibility for the provision and forms of access to social care. The research results reveal a picture of mutual interaction between the expansion of social services and labour market participation of women according to their educational attainment levels. Sweden is characterised by the norm of labour market participation of women and men, and in Germany, women still have the freedom of choice between family work and labour market participation.

Keywords:   labour market participation, family work, Germany, Sweden, care work, gender, social norms, social care

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