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On the margins of inclusionChanging labour markets and social exclusion in London$
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David M. Smith

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346018

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346018.001.0001

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Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy

Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy

(p.38) (p.39) Three Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy
On the margins of inclusion

David M. Smith

Policy Press

This chapter shows how the current ‘social exclusion’ concept has been deployed in the UK and the historical, institutional, and political contexts that have influenced the debates surrounding the causes of poverty and social exclusion. It notes that the ‘social exclusion’ concept originated in EU poverty programmes during the 1980s while in Britain and the US the same concerns were addressed in terms of the emergence of an urban ‘underclass’ (Silver 1994). It further notes that the concepts are not unrelated and both are concerned with the relative roles of agency and structural and/or institutional causes and both emerged together with debates surrounding the ‘new poverty’ associated with global economic changes.

Keywords:   social exclusion, UK, poverty, EU poverty programmes, US, urban underclass, new poverty, economic changes

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